Obesity is a health condition which is characterized by too much body fat. It is not the same as being overweight or having excessive body weight. Obesity means having too much of dangerous fat.
Obesity can happen due to various reasons including unhealthy diet, sedative way of life, having metabolic syndromes, diabetes, high cholesterol and hypertension.
Genetic factors can also affect the body fat level and lead to obesity.
On the other side of the problem obesity can also increase the risks for diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, heart disease, vascular disease, arthritis and cancer.
Losing weight and having certain lifestyle changes like eating habits, getting rid of smoking or excessive drinking can improve the situation and decrease the chances for other serious health disorders.
One of the major determining numbers in putting the diagnosis obesity is the BMI or body mass index. Body Mass Index is used as a special tool for obesity.
Adult Body Mass Index (BMI) is calculated simply by dividing the person’s weight in kg by the square height in meters.
BMI that is less than 18.5, shows that a person is underweight, BMI from 18.5 to <25, the person is within normal weight.BMI from 25.0 to <30 shows that the person has problems and is within overweight range.BMI from 30.0 or higher shows that the person suffers from obesity.
Obesity type can be also identified. Type 1 is when BMI is from 30 to < 35. Type 2 is when BMI is from 35 to < 40. And type 3 is when BMI is from 40 or higher. This type is called sever obesity and is considered being extremely dangerous for health and life.
If you are diagnosed with obesity it is time to lose weight. There are various weight loss programs for obese people. They all include physical activity, eating proper diet and medication. Sugar and salt limitation as well as limitations of fatty foods are among the priorities. Besides, a person should stop smoking and drinking alcohol in high amounts.
Regular activity can help prevent unhealthy weight gain and remain in health stable results combining the proper diet and exercises.
For the treatment of obesity in people there are several medicines approved for long term use. These medicines can suppress the appetite, keep the body from absorbing too much fat or improve the metabolism.
Before taking any of these medicines, talk with your doctor about the benefits and the side effects.
Acomplia (rimonabant) is one of the medicines approved for the treatment of obesity in adults. It belongs to the class of therapeutic agents called Cannabinoid-1 Receptor Blockers (CB1). Acomplia works selectively to inhibit the CB1 receptors found in the brain and in peripheral organs important in glucose and lipid metabolism.
Acomplia should be used in combination with a special diet and exercise to treat obese or overweight patients who suffer from type 2 diabetes and abnormal levels of fat in the blood.
Before the treatment with Acomplia a patient should consult a medical professional to make sure that this medicine is safe and effective for his/her condition.